Volume 5, Issue 3, September 2020, Page: 81-87
The Pattern of Use of Medical Masks Among Health Care Professionals During Covid 19 Pandemic in South East Nigeria University Teaching Hospitals
Uche Sebastine Ozioko, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery & Trauma, National Orthopaedic Hospital, Enugu, Nigeria
Emmanuel Chino Iyidobi, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery & Trauma, National Orthopaedic Hospital, Enugu, Nigeria
Onyinye Mary Ozioko, Department of Anatomy, College of Medicine, Enugu State University of Science and Technology, Enugu, Nigeria
Ignatius Ikemefuna Ozor, Department of Surgery, College of Medicine, Enugu State University Teaching Hospital Parklane, Enugu, Nigeria
Chisom Ogbonnaya Mbaeze, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery & Trauma, National Orthopaedic Hospital, Enugu, Nigeria
Ifeanacho Ezeteonu Abireh, Department of Surgery, College of Medicine, Enugu State University Teaching Hospital Parklane, Enugu, Nigeria
Received: Jul. 24, 2020;       Accepted: Aug. 10, 2020;       Published: Aug. 20, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.ijidt.20200503.18      View  49      Downloads  31
In history, pandemic outbreaks have wiped out populations as well as paved way for innovations and advances in Medicine and Public health. This study aims to ascertain the inherent knowledge gap and practice regarding the use of medical mask by healthcare workers during Covid-19 pandemic. Methods. This cross sectional survey was conducted at six tertiary hospitals within the south east Nigeria in April-June 2020 using convenient sampling method, a total of 273 respondents was enrolled in the study. A three components questionnaire comprising demographic inquiries, questions was designed to assess knowledge and practice of healthcare professionals regarding the use of medical mask. Collated data was analysed using SPSS software version 21. Result, 73.3% of the participant thought they knew the procedural steps in the use of medical mask however only 18.3% healthcare workers had good practice on the use of medical mask. Significant difference. (p<0.05) in total mean knowledge among different cadres of healthcare workers was observed and total percentage of participant with good knowledge and practice of the use of medical mask were 37% and 17.1% respectively. A weak positive correlation was also observed between knowledge and practice regarding the use of medical mask among health care professionals in south east Nigeria university teaching hospital. Conclusion: Findings from this study has reaffirmed the importance of continuous medical education thus knowledge and practice of the use of medical mask should be emphasized according to international standards to ensure they offer optimal product performance when used by healthcare professionals.
Corona Virus, Healthcare Professionals, Medical Masks
To cite this article
Uche Sebastine Ozioko, Emmanuel Chino Iyidobi, Onyinye Mary Ozioko, Ignatius Ikemefuna Ozor, Chisom Ogbonnaya Mbaeze, Ifeanacho Ezeteonu Abireh, The Pattern of Use of Medical Masks Among Health Care Professionals During Covid 19 Pandemic in South East Nigeria University Teaching Hospitals, International Journal of Infectious Diseases and Therapy. Vol. 5, No. 3, 2020, pp. 81-87. doi: 10.11648/j.ijidt.20200503.18
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Njidda, Ahmad & Oyebanji, Oyeronke & Obasanya, Olusegun & Ojo, Olubunmi & Adedeji, Adebayo & Mba, Nwando & Oladejo, John & Ihekweazu, Chikwe. (2018). The Nigeria Centre for Disease Control. BMJ Global Health. 3. e000712. 10.1136/bmjgh-2018-000712.
MacIntyre, CR; Chughtai, AA (9 April 2015). "Facemasks for the prevention of infection in healthcare and community settings". BMJ (Clinical Research Ed.). 350: h694. doi: 10.1136/bmj.h694. PMID 25858901.).
Cascella M, Rajnik M, Cuomo A, Dulebohn SC, Napoli RD (2020): Features, Evaluation and Treatment Coronavirus (COVID-19). In: StatPearls. Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing.
Adhikari SP, Meng S, Wu Y-J, (2020).: Epidemiology, causes, clinical manifestation and diagnosis, prevention and control of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) during the early outbreak period: a scoping review. Infect Dis Poverty., 9: 29. 10.1186/s40249-020-00646-x.
Sohrabi C, Alsafi Z, O’Neill N, (2020): World Health Organization declares global emergency: A review of the 2019 novel coronavirus (COVID-19). Int J Surg., 76: 71-76. 10.1016/j.ijsu.2020.02.034.
World Health Organization. Statement on the second meeting of the International Health Regulations (2005) Emergency Committee regarding the outbreak of novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV). Available from URL: https://www.who.int/news-room/detail/30-01-2020-statement-on-the-second-meeting-of-the-international-health-regulations-(2005)-emergency-committee-regarding-the-outbreak-of-novel-coronavirus-(2019-ncov) (accessed March 2020).
COVID-19 Dashboard by the Center for Systems Science and Engineering (CSSE) at Johns Hopkins University (JHU)". ArcGIS. Johns Hopkins University. Retrieved 13 June 2020.
Ebenso, B.; Otu, A. (2020) Can Nigeria contain the COVID-19 outbreak using lessons from recent epidemics? Lancet Glob. Health.
Nigeria Centre for Disease Control. (2020) COVID-19 Outbreak in Nigeria Situation Report; NCDC: Abuja, Nigeria.
"NCDC Covid-19 Page". Nigeria Centre for Disease Control. Retrieved 26 March2020.
Zhou F, Yu T, Du R, (2020): Clinical course and risk factors for mortality of adult inpatients with COVID-19 in Wuhan, China: a retrospective cohort study. Lancet (London, England)., 395: 1054-1062. 10.1016/S0140-6736(20)30566-3).
World Health Organization (2020). Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) Outbreak: Rights, Roles and Responsibilities of Health Workers, Including Key Consideration for Occupational Safety and Health. Interim guidance 18 March 2020 WHO/2019-nCov/HCW_advice/2020.2.
NCDC Covid-19 update healthwise https://healthwise.punchng.com/812-healthcare-workers-infected-with-covid-19-ncdc/".
Yeo C, Kaushal S, Yeo D. (2020) Enteric involvement of coronaviruses: is faecal-oral transmission of SARS-CoV-2 possible? Lancet Gastroenterol Hepatol. doi: 10.1016/S2468-1253(20)30048-0.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2020). How COVID-19 spreads. Available from URL: https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/about/transmission.html (accessed March 2020).
Afinrud P, Bax CE, Standnystskyi V, Bax A, (2020) Could sars-corv-2 be transmitted via speech droplets? medRxiv 2020).
World Health Organization (2020). Q&A on coronavirus (COVID-19). Available from URL: https://www.who.int/news-room/q-a-detail/q-a-coronaviruses (accessed March 2020).
European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control. COVID-19. Available from URL: https://www.ecdc.europa.eu/en/novel-coronavirus-china (accessed March 2020).
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Isolation Precautions. Available fromURL: https://www.cdc.gov/infectioncontrol/guidelines/isolation/index.html (accessed March 2020).
World Health Organization (2020). Infection prevention and control during health care when COVID-19 is suspected. https://www.who.int/publications-detail/infection-prevention-and-control-during-health-care-when-novelcoronavirus-(ncov)-infection-is-suspected-20200125.
Guidelines on Infection Prevention for Health Care Personnel Caring for Patients with Suspected or Known COVID-19 (2020). Arlington: Infectious Disease Society of America; (https://www.idsociety.org/COVID19guidelines/ip, accessed 4 June 2020).
Siegel JD, Rhinehart E, Jackson M, Chiarello L (2007) guideline for isolation precautions: preventing transmission of infectious agents in health care settings. Am J Infect Control. 2007, 35: 65-164. 10.1016/j.ajic.2007.10.007.
World Medical Association Declaration of Helsinki. (2008). Ethical Principles for Medical Research Involving Human Subjects Internet]. Available from: http://www.net/en/30publication/10polocies/b3/index.html. [Access Date: 13 May 2020].
World Health Organisation (2020). Emerging Respiratory Viruses, Including COVID19: Methods for detection, Prevention, Response and Control.
Ho HSW (2012): Use of face masks in a primary care outpatient setting in Hong Kong: knowledge, attitudes, and practices. Public Health. 2012, 126: 1001-1006., Volume 126, Issue 12, Pages 1001-1006, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.puhe.2012.09.010.
Honarbakhsh M, Jahangiri M, Ghaem H (2018): Knowledge, perceptions, practice of Healthcare professionals regarding the use of respiratory protection equipment at Iran hospital. J. Infect Prev., 19: 29-36.
Jagdesh Kumar, Muhammad Soughat Katto, Adeel A Siddiqui, Badaruddin Sahito, Muhammad Jamil, Nusrat Rasheed, and Maratib Ali. (2020): Knowledge, Attitude and Practices of Health Workers Regarding the use of face mask to limit the spread of the new corona virus disease. Cureus 2020 Apr; 12 (4): e7737.
Jahangiri M, Sareban Zadeh K, Bashar OL Saleh Zadeh H. (2013). Risk perception, safety attitude and safety performance in supervisors of construction sites in shiraz. Journal of Ergonomics 1: 10-18.
Mortazavi S, Asilian H, Oostakhan M. (2011). The relationship between safety climate factors and workers behavior working in potentially dangerous situations in height among construction workers. Iranian Journal of Public Health 8: 51-60.
Nour MO, Babilghith AO, Natto HA, AL-Amin FO, Alawneh SM. (2015). Knowledge, attitude and practices of healthcare providers towards MERS-CoV infection at Makkah hospitals, KSA. International Research Journal Of Medicine and Medical Sciences 3: 103-112.
Cohen, A & Colligan, M. J. (1995). Assessing occupational safety and health training: A literature review. Worker health and Safety, 22.
Long Y, Hu T, Liu L, Chen R, Guo Q, Yang L, (2020). Effectiveness of N95 respirators versus surgical mask against influenza: A systematic review and meta-analysis. J. Evid Based Med.; 13 (2): 93-101.
Jefferson, T., Jones M, Al Ansari, L. A., Bawazeer, G., Beller, E., Clark (2020). Physical interventions to interrupt or reduce the spread of respiratory viruses. Part 1-Face masks, eye protection and person distancing: systematic review and meta-analysis. MedRxiv.
Laughery K. R & Brelsford J. W (1993). Receiver characteristics in safety communication. Human factor perspective on warning California. The Human factors and Ergonomics Society: 120-124.
Truong CD, Siriwong W, Robson M. G. (2009) Assessment of knowledge, attitude and practice on using of personal protective equipment in rattan craftsmen at trade village, kienxuong district, thaibinh province, vietnam. warasan wichai witthayasat kanphaet.; 23 (Suppl): 1-4.
Browse journals by subject