Volume 5, Issue 2, June 2020, Page: 41-44
Comparison of Speculum and Non-speculum Vaginal Specimens in the Diagnosis of Trichomonas vaginalis
Obunge Orikomaba Korifama, Department of Medical Microbiology, University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital, Port Harcourt, Nigeria
Oboro Ibinabo Laura, Department of Medical Microbiology, University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital, Port Harcourt, Nigeria
Onyejepu Nneka, Centre for Tuberculosis Research, Nigeria Institute of Medical Research, Lagos, Nigeria
Alex-Wele Mary Adanma, Department of Medical Microbiology, University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital, Port Harcourt, Nigeria
Received: May 22, 2020;       Accepted: Jun. 9, 2020;       Published: Jun. 20, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.ijidt.20200502.14      View  29      Downloads  14
Abstract
Trichomoniasis is the most prevalent non-viral sexually transmitted infection worldwide. Apart from being a key biologic indicator of sexual activity, it’s been associated with the transmission of Human Immunodeficiency virus. The use of vaginal speculum is traditionally required for specimen collection. The limited application of this step in various primary health care facilities in resource-poor settings due to difficulties with sterilization of speculae among others, has grossly reduced the offer of testing for Trichomoniasis. Self-collected vaginal swab could be an acceptable alternative specimen for diagnosis of trichomoniasis in these settings. We compared the yield of Trichomonas vaginalis from speculum and non-speculum based specimens. Five hundred women between 18 – 45 years presenting with abnormal vaginal discharge in two health care facilities in Rivers State, Nigeria, were enrolled. Three specimens were collected from each woman; two non-speculum based /non-invasive and the third, speculum based. Microscopists were trained and the procedure standardized. Wet mount microscopy was performed on all specimens within thirty minutes of collection. Three Microscopists examined each specimen independently. All infected patients were managed according to existing guidelines. Ethical approval was obtained and data analyzed using SPSS version 21. Median age of participants was 31 years. Of the 500 women, 53 were infected giving an overall prevalence of 10.6%. Using the speculum-based specimens, 90.5% (48) of infected women were detected while 83.0% (44) and 30.1% (16) were detected using the self-collected swab and first void urine respectively. Interestingly, first void urine was able to detect five (5) more cases that were not detected by the speculum-based method. In low income settings, use of self-collected swabs in combination with first void urine is likely to increase detection rate of Trichomonas vaginalis when compared with the use of speculum-based specimen only.
Keywords
Trichomoniasis, Speculum, Diagnosis, Trichomonas vaginalis
To cite this article
Obunge Orikomaba Korifama, Oboro Ibinabo Laura, Onyejepu Nneka, Alex-Wele Mary Adanma, Comparison of Speculum and Non-speculum Vaginal Specimens in the Diagnosis of Trichomonas vaginalis, International Journal of Infectious Diseases and Therapy. Vol. 5, No. 2, 2020, pp. 41-44. doi: 10.11648/j.ijidt.20200502.14
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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