Volume 4, Issue 1, March 2019, Page: 7-12
The Usefulness of the Interpretation of Initial Plain CT Scan in Hospitalized Patients with Acute Pyelonephritis without Obstructive Uropathy
Takehiro Sejima, Department of Urology, Matsue City Hospital, Matsue, Japan
Shuichi Morizane, Division of Urology, Department of Surgery, Tottori University Faculty of Medicine, Yonago, Japan
Katsuya Hikita, Division of Urology, Department of Surgery, Tottori University Faculty of Medicine, Yonago, Japan
Masashi Honda, Division of Urology, Department of Surgery, Tottori University Faculty of Medicine, Yonago, Japan
Atsushi Takenaka, Division of Urology, Department of Surgery, Tottori University Faculty of Medicine, Yonago, Japan
Received: Feb. 8, 2019;       Accepted: Apr. 9, 2019;       Published: May 15, 2019
DOI: 10.11648/j.ijidt.20190401.12      View  44      Downloads  8
Abstract
To investigate the association between plain computed tomography (CT) findings and clinical characteristics and to characterize the potential factors affecting the disease outcome in hospitalized patients with acute pyelonephritis (APN) without obstructive uropathy, we reviewed our clinical database retrospectively. Five plain CT scan abnormal kidney findings of perirenal fat stranding, thickening of perirenal fasciae, kidney enlargement, dilation of renal pelvis, and abnormal density of renal parenchyma were elucidated in 70 patients with APN without obstructive uropathy who were hospitalized. The association between CT scan findings and clinical characteristics were analyzed. Logistic regression analysis was performed to characterize the potential factors that affect the period until the patient was afebrile using various clinical factors and five defined CT scan findings. Perirenal fat stranding and dilation of renal pelvis were significantly frequent in females and patients with diabetes mellitus. Serum inflammation markers were significantly deteriorated in patients with perirenal fat stranding, thickening of perirenal fasciae and kidney enlargement compared to patients with normal findings. An age-adjusted Charlson comorbidity index ≥ 5 and low serum albumin values were significantly associated with a prolonged febrile period. In conclusion, although abnormal plain CT scan findings at diagnosis are associated with some clinical characteristics, the patient’s intrinsic factors are more useful for predicting the disease outcome in hospitalized patients with APN without obstructive uropathy.
Keywords
Computed Tomography, Hospitalized Patient, Kidney, Pyelonephritis
To cite this article
Takehiro Sejima, Shuichi Morizane, Katsuya Hikita, Masashi Honda, Atsushi Takenaka, The Usefulness of the Interpretation of Initial Plain CT Scan in Hospitalized Patients with Acute Pyelonephritis without Obstructive Uropathy, International Journal of Infectious Diseases and Therapy. Vol. 4, No. 1, 2019, pp. 7-12. doi: 10.11648/j.ijidt.20190401.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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